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“O sucesso do tratamento de fertilização assistida não se restringe ao teste de gravidez positivo. Muito mais que isso, é a garantia de que a mãe e o bebê permanecerão saudáveis desde o início dos procedimentos até o nascimento da criança. Afinal, de nada adianta alcançar rapidamente a gravidez única, gemelar ou até mesmo tripla, se o tratamento e a gravidez provocarem complicações que levem ao comprometimento da saúde do bebê e da mãe durante o tratamento a que estiver sendo submetida”
Dr. Arnaldo Schizzi Cambiaghi

What is Infertility?

12 de setembro de 2011
Home » IPGO Inglês » What is Infertility?

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An individual, man or woman, is considered infertile when a condition is present in the reproductive system that reduces or prevents the ability to have children. At first, a couple is considered infertile after 12 to 18 months of frequent and regular sexual intercourse, without any type of contraception, unable to become pregnant. Nevertheless, this period can vary with the woman’s age and the anxiety of the couple. It is not necessary that a couple where the woman is more than 35 or 38 years old waits during this time. At this stage of life in which fertility diminishes gradually and progressively, a period of six months is valuable. Therefore, we can shorten this period to six to twelve months or less. After the age of 40, a period of three or four months is already enough. Couples, even the young ones who are under 30 years old, cannot always bear the anguish and wait 18 months. Therefore, even having the understanding of the theoretical waiting period, often we expect research to adapt science to common sense and the well-being of the couple. The chance of a couple, who do not have any type of problems and who maintain sexual intercourse on fertile days, to conceive by natural means within a month is 20%. With the help of assisted reproduction techniques, the pregnancy rate can reach 50% in a month for women younger than 35 years old.

Infertility, contrary to what was believed in the past, is a couple’s problem and not exclusive of the woman. We know that 30% are female causes while 30% are male causes. In 40% of the cases, both factors are present.

Infertility can be primary when the couple never became pregnant, or secondary when they already had a previous pregnancy. In the past, the term sterility meant the impossibility of becoming pregnant and infertility when there was decreased ability to conceive. Nowadays, the two words are often used synonymously. Studies show that up to 15% of couples of childbearing age have difficulty conceiving, and half of them will have to resort to assisted reproduction treatments.

 

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